The Hierarchy of Prompting: Recasting and Extending


Prompting college students with expressive language issues is a good way to assist them construct their language expertise.

Hierarchy of Prompting

However what are the most effective methods to immediate college students to make the most important affect with out making it “a giant deal” that they want the assistance?

It’s easy! It’s all about recasting and lengthening.


Recasting and Extending as Prompting Hierarchy

Whereas there are a whole lot of difficult methods and supplies that can be utilized to assist college students with expressive language issues, recasting and lengthening are two of the best, only methods that can be utilized.

They require no prep and will be carried out regardless of the place you’re when working along with your scholar. They’re additionally straightforward sufficient that you could educate households the best way to implement them in order that it turns into second nature to everybody who works with the kid.

What’s Recasting?

As a substitute of repeating precisely what a baby says again to you, recasting is repeating the message however correcting it.

For instance, if the kid says: “Need pizza.” You’d say, “I would like pizza.”

One other instance is likely to be if the kid says, “Canine obtained ball.” You’d say, “The canine has a ball.”

In different phrases, you’re repeating the crux of what the kid is making an attempt to speak, however you’re correcting it alongside the way in which.

This fashions how the assertion must be phrased whereas additionally validating the remark and intention of the scholar’s communication.

What’s Extending?

Extending is whenever you broaden upon the thought that the scholar communicated. It provides further language to increase and improve the remark.

Utilizing the examples above, if the kid says “Need pizza,” and also you reply with “I would like pizza,” extending it’d embrace “It’s scrumptious!”

For “Canine obtained ball,” the recasting is “The canine has a ball,” and the extending is “He’s very excited to play!”

Extending offers the scholar a mannequin of further ideas that would associate with his unique assertion.

Why Use Recasting and Extending?

In contrast to different methods that require preparation and planning, recasting and lengthening permits lecturers and households to make use of on a regular basis genuine conversations as studying and modeling alternatives.

They help the scholar’s unique thought and assist construct upon it in order that the scholar feels heard, validated, and understood.


What are your favourite and only methods to immediate college students with expressive language issues? Share with us under! We might love to listen to how you utilize recasting and lengthening or different prompting methods!

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