COVID-19 is the identify for the illness brought on by coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. This virus can result in severe sickness and dying, however there are vaccines out there to cut back that danger.
There’s additionally loads of info out there on COVID-19, from vaccines to remedies, however not every thing you learn is totally correct. That makes it exhausting to know what’s true. Learn the next to get the info concerning the illness.
Path to improved well being
COVID-19 (coronavirus illness 2019) is a illness brought on by a virus named SARS-CoV-2 and was found in December 2019. It is vitally contagious and has rapidly unfold world wide. The U.S. at present has the very best variety of instances and deaths from COVID-19.
Viruses are continuously altering, which is widespread and anticipated. These are referred to as “variants”. The Delta and Omicron variants are probably the most widespread within the nation, and should trigger barely completely different signs. The Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC) is monitoring these variants.
Whereas COVID-19 most frequently causes respiratory signs just like these from a chilly, flu, or pneumonia, it might additionally have an effect on different elements of your physique.
What are the signs of COVID-19?
Widespread signs of COVID-19 embody a fever, cough, congestion, and shortness of breath, chills, muscle aches, and lack of style or odor. The CDC considers an individual to have a fever when she or he has a measured temperature of a minimum of 100.4° F [38° C]. These signs happen 2 to 14 days after being uncovered to the virus. Many individuals who come down with COVID-19 have gentle signs. These signs could make you are feeling like you’ve gotten the flu or a chilly. Nonetheless, some individuals haven’t any signs and others have extreme signs. In some instances, COVID-19 could be deadly.
Individuals who have persistent well being points or compromised immune programs, equivalent to coronary heart illness, lung illness, or diabetes, are at a better danger of turning into critically ailing. Likewise, the older you’re, the better your danger of getting a extreme case.
How do individuals get COVID-19?
The commonest option to get COVID-19 is by inhaling respiratory droplets which might be within the air. When an individual with COVID-19 breathes, coughs, or sneezes, tiny droplets go away their mouth and nostril and go into the air. You possibly can’t see these droplets. If you happen to’re inside 6 ft of that individual, you might breathe in these droplets. You gained’t know you’ve completed it. However by doing that, you might get the germs that trigger COVID-19 in your physique.
COVID-19 additionally could be shared should you contact a floor an contaminated individual has touched. Some examples embody door handles, elevator buttons and procuring carts. The germs can get into your physique should you then contact your eyes, nostril, or mouth.
How do I get examined for COVID-19?
If you happen to assume you’ve gotten COVID-19, keep house and get in touch with your loved ones physician to get recommendation on what it is best to do subsequent. Info on COVID-19 testing choices and availability continues to vary. At the moment, testing choices can be found at doctor places of work and well being programs, native public well being places of work, pharmacies, and even some faculties. There are additionally at-home fast COVID-19 exams however availability might differ.
What’s the remedy for COVID-19?
More often than not, COVID-19 remedy consists of treating the signs, which could be completed at house. It’s usually just like treating influenza (the flu) or chilly signs. For individuals in danger for extreme illness, their physician might prescribe extra remedies equivalent to monoclonal antibodies or oral treatment.
- Keep house.
- If attainable, keep in a separate room from others in your own home. You wish to keep away so that you don’t make anybody else sick.
- Contact your physician. They’ll let you know what to do to deal with your signs.
In August 2021, the CDC warned in opposition to utilizing Ivermectin. Ivermectin shouldn’t be licensed or permitted by FDA for prevention or remedy of COVID-19. Taking Ivermectin for COVID-19 could cause extreme sickness when taken outdoors of its supposed use.
Are there vaccines to forestall COVID-19?
Three vaccines for COVID-19 are licensed for emergency use in the US from Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson (Janssen).
The U.S. Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) licensed the vaccines, and the CDC really helpful the Pfizer-BioNTech’s coronavirus vaccine for individuals 12 and older, and the Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines for individuals 18 and older. In August 2021, the FDA gave full approval to the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, now often called Comirnaty. Meaning this vaccine is absolutely cleared to be used in individuals ages 16 and older. The vaccine can even nonetheless be used beneath emergency use authorization for youths ages 12 to fifteen.
Normally, the mRNA vaccines are most popular over the Johnson & Johnson vaccine. Nonetheless, all three can be found and efficient at stopping extreme illness and dying, particularly after a booster dose.
The vaccines defend you from getting very sick by preserving the SARS-CoV-2 virus from coming into your cells and inflicting COVID-19. However the vaccines don’t hold you from getting the virus and probably spreading it. Additionally, it takes a couple of weeks after the second dose of the vaccine to get the very best safety.
Learn extra concerning the vaccines in COVID-19 Vaccine Incessantly Requested Questions.
What does a vaccine booster do and may I get a booster?
Everybody eligible ought to get a COVID-19 vaccine booster dose. A “booster dose” is a supplemental vaccine dose given to individuals when the immune response to a main vaccine collection was satisfactory however might have decreased over time. Information is exhibiting that boosters improve vaccine effectiveness. Vaccine boosters are literally widespread methods to enhance safety in opposition to a virus and particularly assist individuals on the highest danger for COVID-19 issues.
The Facilities for Illness Management (CDC) and American Academy of Household Physicians (AAFP) advocate that absolutely vaccinated people get a booster shot for the very best safety. Be taught extra about COVID-19 vaccine boosters.