If you end up feeling underneath the climate with a fever, physique aches, and different signs, you could surprise what’s making you’re feeling so unhealthy. Is it seasonal influenza (generally referred to as the flu)? Or may you may have COVID-19? Whereas the 2 diseases share many similarities, there are a couple of variations.
Path to improved well being
COVID-19 and the flu are each attributable to viruses. However they’re attributable to completely different viruses. COVID-19 is attributable to the coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. Coronaviruses have been round for a very long time and coronaviruses may cause you to get the frequent chilly. Flu, alternatively, is attributable to the influenza virus. It is a seasonal virus with two varieties: Influenza A and Influenza B.
You’ll be able to catch COVID-19 and the flu in related methods. When an individual talks, sneezes, or coughs, tiny, invisible particles go away their mouth and nostril and journey by the air. These particles are the place the virus can reside. If you happen to breathe in these particles, the virus is then inside your physique and might make you sick. Additionally, if you happen to get the particles in your arms after which contact your mouth, nostril, or eyes, you may get sick. For this reason it’s so necessary to clean your arms regularly.
COVID-19 is far more contagious than the flu. Meaning it passes extra shortly and simply from one particular person to a different.
Individuals most in danger
Whereas anybody can get COVID-19 and the flu, some teams of persons are at a better danger of getting sick. For each COVID-19 and flu, adults over 65, people who find themselves pregnant, folks with lung illness, coronary heart illness, or diabetes have a better danger. Learn extra about flu dangers for folks with continual circumstances.
Kids are additionally in danger for each COVID-19 and flu.
COVID-19 and the flu have lots of the identical signs, together with:
- Bother respiration.
- Excessive tiredness.
- Sore throat.
- Stuffy nostril.
- Physique aches, together with headache.
You might also lose your sense of odor or style when you’ve got COVID-19.
COVID-19 and the flu may cause extreme sickness and problems that require hospitalization. In case you have any of those signs, contact your physician straight away. They will diagnose which sickness you may have and supply recommendation about what it is best to do subsequent.
How lengthy are you sick?
It’s attainable to unfold COVID-19 and the flu to others earlier than you even know you’re sick. In case you have COVID-19, you may unfold the virus 2 days earlier than you may have signs. After signs start, you’re doubtless contagious for 10 days. It’s necessary to steer clear of different folks throughout this time to maintain them from getting sick. If you happen to’re round somebody who has COVID-19, it could take between 2 and 14 days so that you can develop signs.
With the flu, you may unfold it 1 day earlier than your signs start. After you have signs, you’re contagious for as much as 7 days. This time could be longer for teenagers and seniors. If you happen to’re uncovered to somebody with the flu, it could take between 1 and 4 days so that you can develop signs.
Persons are often sicker for an extended time frame with COVID-19 than with the flu.
There are completely different assessments that may verify when you’ve got COVID-19. Some assessments require a cotton swab to be put in your nostril. The tip of the swab collects a pattern out of your nasal cavity as a result of that is the place the germs reside. The swab is then despatched to a laboratory for testing. The swab may additionally be used for a speedy antigen take a look at, nonetheless, you could want to verify a constructive or adverse end result with a laboratory (PCR) take a look at if you happen to nonetheless have signs or if you happen to want a adverse take a look at to return to high school or work. A saliva take a look at could also be supplied and at residence (over-the-counter) assessments are additionally accessible in some areas. Make sure to test that the take a look at is permitted by the FDA earlier than buying.
In case your physician thinks you may have the flu, they will carry out one in every of two assessments. One take a look at includes placing a swab up your nostril. This swab can be despatched to the lab for testing. The opposite take a look at includes gathering a pattern from the again of your throat. It will likely be despatched to the lab for testing, too. Speedy assessments are additionally accessible for flu.
Laboratories have additionally developed assessments that may detect each flu and COVID-19. Discuss along with your physician to see if they’re accessible in your space.
Three vaccines for COVID-19 have been licensed for emergency use in america. The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, Comirnaty, was accepted by the FDA for people 16 years and older. This 2-dose shot continues to be is underneath emergency use authorization for kids ages 5-11 and adolescents ages 12-15. The Moderna vaccine (2 photographs) and Johnson & Johnson vaccine (1 shot) have been licensed by the FDA for people 18 years and older. All three vaccines are beneficial by the CDC and given as a shot in your arm.
Security and efficacy knowledge has been collected in over 220 million individuals who have gotten at the very least one dose of vaccine. Some uncommon unwanted effects have been noticed, however general the vaccines are protected and efficient at stopping extreme illness, hospitalization, and loss of life.
These vaccines don’t offer you COVID-19, and don’t trigger problems throughout being pregnant or trigger decreases in fertility.
There’s a vaccine you may get to assist defend you towards the flu. It’s given as a shot in your arm. The American Academy of Household Physicians recommends everybody older than 6 months outdated get the yearly flu shot, until their physician says in any other case. If you happen to get the flu, there are medicines your physician can prescribe that will help you relieve signs.
The flu shot doesn’t provide the flu.
If you happen to’ve had COVID-19, it might take you a very long time to recuperate or weeks earlier than you’re feeling like your self once more. For some folks, it might take months (also referred to as lengthy COVID). Discuss along with your physician when you’ve got signs that proceed, as there choices for administration of those ongoing signs.
Individuals who have had the flu often really feel significantly better about 2 weeks after getting sick.
Issues to think about
COVID-19 and the flu share many problems. These embrace pneumonia, respiratory failure, kidney failure, and blood infections. These diseases can even make present circumstances—together with points with the center, lungs, and diabetes—worse. In extreme circumstances, each diseases could result in loss of life.
In case you have COVID-19, you may additionally develop blood clots in your legs, lungs, coronary heart, or mind. Your possibilities for these unwanted effects go up when you’ve got coronary heart illness, lung illness, or diabetes. Some kids develop multisystem inflammatory syndrome. It is a severe situation, however it isn’t quite common.
If you happen to’ve had the flu, you could develop a sinus an infection or an ear an infection. You might also get pneumonia, which could be severe. Extreme unwanted effects are extra frequent in people who find themselves youthful than 5 years outdated or older than 65 years outdated, pregnant, or who’ve bronchial asthma, diabetes, or coronary heart illness.
CDC: Coronavirus Self-Checker (click on on self-check signs on the precise facet)